Evidenced Based Healthcare Overview


"Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. The practice of evidence-based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research."*

"Evidence based practice is the conscientious use of current best evidence in making decisions about patient care (Sackett, Straus, Richardson, Rosenberg, & Haynes, 2000). It is a problem-solving approach to clinical practice that integrates: a systematic search for and critical appraisal of the most relevant evidence to answer a burning clinical question, ones's own clinical expertise, patient preferences and values."*

In the care of patients, evidence-based medicine incorporates three distinct components: clinical expertise, research evidence, and patient preference.

EBM Model
Adapted from Haynes et al. EBMJ 1996


This web site serves as a resource page to evidence-based medicine databases, Internet resources, books, literature guides and tutorials for anyone interested in learning about and practicing evidence-based medicine.

*Sackett DL, Rosenberg WMC, Gray JAM, Haynes RB, Richardson WS. Evidence-based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ 1996; 312: 71-2.
Haynes RB, Sackett DL, Gray JMA, Cook DJ, Guyatt GH. (1996). Transferring evidence from research into practice: 1. The role of clinical care research evidence in clinical decisions. Evidence-Based Medicine. 1(7): 196-197.

*Bernadette, M., Melnyk, B., Ellen, P., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare. Hagerstwon: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp.6-7

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